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Kidney Problems

2014 March 6
by Neal

More often than not kidney ailments show no symptoms till an advanced stage. Most kidney diseases damage the nephrons – the millions of tiny filtration units which make up the kidney – leaving the kidney incapable of removing waste.

Chronic Kidney Disease or CKD is a condition where the kidney function deteriorates over time. This may be congenital or may be caused by diabetes, blood pressure or old age. Most often the loss of kidney function is mild to moderate and goes unnoticed by the patient. In advanced cases it leads to kidney failure. Medical practitioners manage CKD by controlling in cause of CKD, which may be High blood pressure or diabetes. Medicines and diet restrictions are prescribed to reduce protein in the urine and prevent further deterioration of the kidneys. In extreme cases of kidney failure, Dialysis or kidney transplant may be required.

Kidney Stones or Renal Calculi are particles of salts and minerals which solidify over time to form crystals or stones within the kidney. Kidney stones are much more common in men than in women and tend to form in hot weather when the urine gets concentrated.
Kidney stones may also be caused due to hormonal imbalances which cause high levels of minerals and salts to collect in the urine. Bacterial infections in the urinary system, high salt and insufficient fluids in the diet has also been linked to kidney stones.
Depending on the size of the kidney stone, smaller stones may easily pass out unnoticed with urine. Some stones may cause a lot of pain and the patient may suffer for excruciating pain and nausea. In such cases the patient requires pain killers and anti-sickness medication along with a lot of fluids which help to flush out the stones. Larger stones get lodged in the ureter and block the passage of urine. In such cases the patient may need to undergo surgery or Ureterorenoscopy to remove the stone.

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